You are here: Home > Research & Literature > Youth Justice

Youth Justice


The Children Act 2001 (PDF, 464 KB) provides the primary statutory basis for the treatment of children in conflict with the law in the Republic of Ireland.

The Children Act 2001 was later amended by the Criminal Justice Act 2006 (PDF, 1.7 MB) and the Child Care (Amendment) Act 2007 (PDF, 337 KB)

Irish Youth Justice Service

Irish Youth Justice Service Website:

Children Acts Advisory Board (CAAB) (Formerly the Special Residential Services Board (SRRB))

Children Acts Advisory Board Website:

Other Publications

  • Anderson, S. & Graham, G. (2006) "The Custodial Remand System for Juveniles in Ireland: The Empirical Evidence", Administration 54/1,50-7
  • Barr, R. (1999) "Justice for Young Offenders in a Caring Society", Irish Criminal Law Journal, 9, 1
  • Bazemore, G. & Schiff, M. (2004) Juvenile Justice Reform and Restorative: Building Theory and Policy from Practice. Devon: Willan Publishing
  • Bolland, J. M. (2003) "Hopelessness and Risk Behaviour among Adolescents living in High– Poverty Inner–City Neighbourhoods", Journal of Adolescence, 26, 145-158
  • Carroll, J., Meehan, E. & McPhilips, S. (2007) The Children Court: A National Study. Dublin: Association for Criminal Justice Research and Development Ltd
  • Case, S. (2006) "Young People ‘at Risk’ of What? Challenging Risk Focused Early Intervention as Crime Prevention", Youth Justice, 6, 171
  • Centre for Social and Educational Research (2001) Study of Participants in Garda Special Projects. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform
  • Centre for Social and Educational Research & Bowden, M. (2003) Garda Youth Diversion Project Guidelines: Background Discussion Paper. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform
  • Centre for Social and Educational Research (2003) Garda Youth Diversion Project Guidelines. Dublin: Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform
  • Committee Appointed to Monitor the Effectiveness of the Diversion Programme (2005) Annual Report. Dublin: An Garda Síochana
  • Crawford, A. & Newburn, T. (2003) Youth Offending and Restorative Justice: Implementing Reform in Youth Justice. Devon: Willan Publishing
  • Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform (2006) Report on the Youth Justice Review, Dublin: Stationery Office
  • Economic and Social Research Institute (2007) Growing up in Ireland: The National Longitudinal Study of Children.
  • Geiran, V., McCarthy, M., Morahan, M. & O' Connell, V. (1999) Young Offenders in Penal Custody: Contact with the Probation and Welfare Service and Experience of Community Sanctions Prior to Custodial Sentence, Dublin: Probation and Welfare Service
  • Goldson, B. (2006) Youth Crime and Justice. London: Sage
  • Hamilton, C. & Seymour, M. (2006) "ASBOs: Institutionalised Intolerance of Youth?", Youth Studies Ireland, 1/1, 61-76
  • Hogson, P. & Webb, D. (2005) "Young People, Crime and School Exclusion: A Case of Some Surprises", Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 5, 12
  • Home Office (2000) Youth Crime: Findings From the 1998/99 Youth Lifestyles Survey. London: Home Office
  • Irish Association for the Study of Deliquency Ltd. (2003) Children's Act 2001, Effective Family Conferencing: The Challenges and Implications for Ireland in the New Legal Environment. Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Conference of the IASD, Chief O' Neill's Hotel, Dublin, 9th October.
  • Irish National Teachers Organisation (1995) Youthful Offending: A Report. Dublin: Irish National Teachers Organisation
  • James, O. (1995) Juvenile Violence in a winner-loser culture: socio-economic and familial origins of the rise in violence against the person. London: Free Association Books.
  • Jenson, J. (2001) "American Juvenile Justice: Recent Trends and Issues in Youth Offending", Social Policy and Administration, 35/1, 48 – 68
  • Kilbrandon Committee (1964) Report on Children and Young Persons, Scotland. Edinburgh: Stationery Office
  • Kilkelly, U. (2006) Youth Justice in Ireland. Tough Lives: Rough Justice. Dublin: Irish Academic Press
  • Kilkelly, U. (2005) The Children’s Court: A Children’s Rights Audit: An Analysis of the Extent to Which the Children’s Court Operates in Line With National and International Standards. Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Kilkelly, U. (2006) "Reform of Youth Justice in Ireland: the "New" Childrens Act 2001  (Part 1)", Irish Criminal Law Journal, 16, 2
  • Kilkelly, U. (2007) "Reform of Youth Justice in Ireland: the "New" Children Act 2001 (Part 2)", Irish Criminal Law Journal, 17, 2
  • Kilkelly, U. (2003) "Children: Detention Schools: Learning from International Best Practice", Irish Criminal Law Journal, 13/3, 15
  • Kilkelly, U. (2000) "The Human Rights Act: Implications for the Trial and Detention of Young People", Northern Ireland Law Quarterly, 51/3, 466-480
  • Kilkelly, U. (2002) "DG v Ireland: Protecting the Rights of Children at Risk: A Lazy Government and Unruly Courts", Dublin University Law Journal, 269-290
  • Lalor, K., Ryan, F., Seymour, M., Hamilton, C. (2007) Young People and Crime: Research, Policy and Practice. Centre for Social and Educational Research: Dublin.
  • Lipscombe, J. (2004) "Another Side of Life: Foster Care for Young People on Remand", Youth Justice, 3/1, 36-50
  • McCullagh, C. & Lorenz, W. (1985) "Helping Troublesome Kids: A Hidden Curriculum?", Youth and Policy, 2, 41-45.
  • McPhilips, S. (2005) Dublin Children Court: A Pilot Research Project. Dublin: Irish Association for the Study of Delionquency
  • Muncie, J. (2006) "Repenalisation and Rights: Explorations In Comparative Youth Criminology", Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 54,42
  • Muncie, J. (1999) Youth and Crime: A Critical Introduction. London: Sage
  • Muncie, J., Hughes, G. & McLaughlin, E. (2002) Youth Justice: Critical Readings. London: Sage
  • NACRO (2004) Youth Crime Briefing: Remand Fostering. London: NACRO
  • NACRO (2003) Youth Crime Briefing: Reviewing Remands in Custodial Establishments. London: NACRO
  • NACRO (2001) Youth Crime Factsheet: Some Facts about Young People who Offend. London: NACRO
  • Newburn, T.  & Shiner, M. (2006) "Young People, Mentoring and Social Inclusion", Youth Justice, 6,23
  • O’ Dwyer, K. (2002) "Juvenile Crime and Justice in Ireland" in Bala, N., Hornick, J., Synder, H. & Paetsch, J., ed.s, Juvenile Justice Systems: An International Comparison of Problems and Solutions, 153-88. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing
  • O’ Sullivan, E. (1997) "Juvenile Justice and the Regulation of the Poor: "Restored to Virtue, to Society and to God", Irish Criminal Law Journal, 7/2, 171-194
  • Seymour, M. (2006) "Transition & Reform: Juvenile Justice in the Republic of Ireland" in Junger, J. & Decker, S., ed.s, International Handbook of Juvenile Justice. Dordrecht: Springer
  • Tarolla, S. M., Wagner, E. F., Rabinowitz, J. & Tubman, G. (2002) "Understanding and Treating Juvenile Offenders: A Review of Current Knowledge and Future Directions", Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 7, 125-43
  • Tonry, M. & Doob, A. N. (2004) "Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives", Crime and Justice, 31
  • United Nations (1990) United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (The Riyadh Guidelines) Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 45/112 of 14 December 1990
  • United Nations (1990) United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (The Havana Rules) Adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/113of 14 December 1990
  • United Nations (1985) United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules) Adopted by General Assembly resolution 40/33of 29 November 1985
  • Vaughan, B. (2001) "Breaking Out of Jail: Generating Non-Custodial Penalties for Juveniles" Irish Criminal Law Journal, 10, 14
  • Walsh, D. (2005) Juvenile Justice. Dublin: Thomson Roundhall


Back to Top